Understanding common roofing terms can help homeowners communicate effectively with their residential roofing service and make informed decisions about their roofs. Here are some common roofing terms you may encounter:
1. Shingles: These roofing materials cover your roof’s surface. They come in various materials, including asphalt, wood, and metal.
2. Underlayment: Underlayment is a protective layer installed between the roof deck and the shingles.
3. Flashing: Flashing is metal or other materials that prevent water from seeping into vulnerable areas like roof intersections, chimneys, and vents. It redirects water away from potential leak points.
4. Decking or Roof Deck: The roof deck is the structural base of your roof, typically made of plywood or OSB (oriented strand board). It provides a stable surface for shingle or roofing material installation.
5. Eaves: These are the edges of the roof that overhang the walls of the house. They often have a fascia board and soffit underneath.
6. Ridge: The ridge is the highest point of a roof, where two sloping sides meet. Ridge vents are sometimes installed for ventilation.
7. Valley: Valleys are the V-shaped areas formed where two roof slopes meet. They can be prone to water runoff and require proper flashing and sealing.
Familiarizing yourself with these roofing terms can empower you to have more informed discussions with your residential roofing service, better understand your roof’s condition, and make better decisions regarding maintenance, repairs, or replacements.